As  time passes on the need to revolutionize more in technological is getting more  important.For instance if  take an incident in the petroleum  domain  things become precise. Once there was oil spillage in Gulf of Mexico due puncture in oil/Gas pipeline  resulted  in mass destruction of aquatic life.This scenario would not have  happened if smart automation was implemented there.As we say necessity is the mother  of invention which led to the manifestation of Industrial internet of things.

There is gradual progression of industrial machines from 18 th century  in from industrial  2.0 to industrial 4.0 which is powered by cyber-physical   system sets the paradigm shift.

This trend shift from manual intervention to smart automation helps  us to  remotely monitor and control  the whole system in the most optimized approach.

According to current industrial experts the major 5 considerations for enabling IIoT are Distributed intelligence,rapid connectivity,establishment of open system and standards,real time context integration and autonomous production lines. Distributed intelligence refers to effective data acquisition  and extraction from main system and real-time data streaming and placing this data with exact data reconstruction in different machines.After real time integration all these data is brought to single network which on later based on customer requirement  is processed in a smarter method to minimise workload ,reduce downtime and reduce labour cost.


The back-end  of IIoT are mainly hardware devices like sensors, RFID,conditioning monitoring system,smart meters,Distributed   control systems ,camera  and networking systems,and industrial robotics.

The software side  comprise of the following  elements like product life cycle management systems,Supervisory control and data  acquisition,management  execution systems etc.

Sophisticated trends and explorations in IIoT are happening periodically in the following areas like processor technologies,Drams,artificial intelligence and  augmented reality.

Driving circuit refers to Latest developer boards embedded with  Latest IoT applications like robotics,automotive manufacturing and power grids and many more.Consider a scenario  where an embedded board is interfaced to many sensors and actuators so that so that the real time process  parameters so that sensed parameters are  is accessed  by the embedded board by serial communication or using communication  protocols and if this embedded  device is connected to internet so n number of users can access the process  parameters  such that if anything has to be controlled  then it can be triggered from internet through the embedded device.In internet  the embedded device is connected and assigned with  unique IP address .So if lot of process parameters  have to be monitored  and controlled either connect them  directly to internet  if they are smart devices otherwise  data acquisition happens through embedded board and  data is transmitted to the  destination which happens to be a server through internet via wifi or Ethernet.And  from the server it is instructed or  a controlling signal is sent  to  embedded  device for driving the actuators.

So IoT mainly consist of specialized electronic cards for data acquisition, signal processing and communication along with  Software systems, web APIs, protocols which together creates a seamless environment which allows smart embedded devices to be connected to internet such that sensory data can be accessed and control system can be triggered over internet.

The basic requirement of an IoT based device is that  it could be connected to internet with a unique IP address  and can be discovered  and  communicated with in internet.