As time passes on the need to revolutionize more in technological is getting more important.For instance if take an incident in the petroleum domain things become precise. Once there was oil spillage in Gulf of Mexico due puncture in oil/Gas pipeline resulted in mass destruction of aquatic life.This scenario would not have happened if smart automation was implemented there.As we say necessity is the mother of invention which led to the manifestation of Industrial internet of things.
There is gradual progression of industrial machines from 18 th century in from industrial 2.0 to industrial 4.0 which is powered by cyber-physical system sets the paradigm shift.
This trend shift from manual intervention to smart automation helps us to remotely monitor and control the whole system in the most optimized approach.
According to current industrial experts the major 5 considerations for enabling IIoT are Distributed intelligence,rapid connectivity,establishment of open system and standards,real time context integration and autonomous production lines. Distributed intelligence refers to effective data acquisition and extraction from main system and real-time data streaming and placing this data with exact data reconstruction in different machines.After real time integration all these data is brought to single network which on later based on customer requirement is processed in a smarter method to minimise workload ,reduce downtime and reduce labour cost.
The back-end of IIoT are mainly hardware devices like sensors, RFID,conditioning monitoring system,smart meters,Distributed control systems ,camera and networking systems,and industrial robotics.
The software side comprise of the following elements like product life cycle management systems,Supervisory control and data acquisition,management execution systems etc.
Sophisticated trends and explorations in IIoT are happening periodically in the following areas like processor technologies,Drams,artificial intelligence and augmented reality.
Driving circuit refers to Latest developer boards embedded with Latest IoT applications like robotics,automotive manufacturing and power grids and many more.Consider a scenario where an embedded board is interfaced to many sensors and actuators so that so that the real time process parameters so that sensed parameters are is accessed by the embedded board by serial communication or using communication protocols and if this embedded device is connected to internet so n number of users can access the process parameters such that if anything has to be controlled then it can be triggered from internet through the embedded device.In internet the embedded device is connected and assigned with unique IP address .So if lot of process parameters have to be monitored and controlled either connect them directly to internet if they are smart devices otherwise data acquisition happens through embedded board and data is transmitted to the destination which happens to be a server through internet via wifi or Ethernet.And from the server it is instructed or a controlling signal is sent to embedded device for driving the actuators.
So IoT mainly consist of specialized electronic cards for data acquisition, signal processing and communication along with Software systems, web APIs, protocols which together creates a seamless environment which allows smart embedded devices to be connected to internet such that sensory data can be accessed and control system can be triggered over internet.
The basic requirement of an IoT based device is that it could be connected to internet with a unique IP address and can be discovered and communicated with in internet.